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5 advantages and disadvantages of federal constitution

That this right of exit is a political right as important but much older than the right to vote is obvious from the events leading up to the fall of the Soviet Union. No Rest For The Wicked Meme, Federalism also comes with drawbacks. Keeping centralized power in check. This has indirectly contributed to the rivalries in the two regions. Accordingly, I have highlighted the advantages and disadvantages of the system. Since component units are g… Lord Bamford House Barbados, 7 The public funds will be allocated to real need of people. Land Conservancy Of Canada, It should be noted, however, that just as a written constitution has many advantages, it also has disadvantages. Copyright © 2020 Bscholarly LLC | All Rights Reserved, Advantages of a written constitution (Merits), It is easy to understand the content of the constitution, It reduces clash of functions of the arms of government, Disadvantages of a written constitution (Demerits), It may not favour every part of the state. Federal Government Directory, 10. It is submitted by legal scholars that the ammendment procedure of a written constitution should not be too rigid, but reasonable with a sprinkling of justifiable safeguards to guard against frivolous, unjust and selfish amendments. Describe the advantages of federalism. 15 Advantages and Disadvantages of Federalism. In Nigeria for instance, it is deemed that the Constitution of the country supports the Northerners more than the people in the south. 2. Disadvantages of an unwritten constitution. Difficult to ascertain the unconstitutionality of an act. 19 Advantages and Disadvantages of Constitutional Monarchy. Confederal systems of governement tend to easily collapse, since there is the option to secede if so desired. There are two main advantages to having a federal constitution. These words of Charles Cotesworth Pinckney of North Caro-lina spoken in the closing debate of the Philadelphia Convention, September 15, 1787, are pertinent today to the suggestion sometimes This makes it difficult for dictators and tyrants leaders to change the constitution to whatever they want. Thus, the court will be flooded with a lot of cases to handle. A constitution is a framework of legislation and principles that govern a country or state. A constitutional monarchy gets to benefit from two types of government structures. Coupled with this, citizens can also sue the government to ensure that it performs its governmental duties. It depends on the nature of politics and value of citizens of the country. This is where I will stop in today’s article. Merits and Demerits of Richards constitution of 1946. The written constitution is very clear and precise. Below are some of the countries that have a written constitution in the world: I enjoin you watch the video below to understand the differences between a written and an unwritten constitution. It is easy to refer to it when there is dispute and it helps to prevent the arbitrary and dictorial tendencies of rulers since boundary of their powers are known and they can be challenged and stopped. As I have already stated, a written constitution is best suitable in a heterogeneous society. Another advantage and reason why most countries prefer a written constitution to an unwritten constitution is because, it cannot be easily tempered with. This was exemplified when the states led the struggle against the political broadcasts ban in 1991. It may encourage frequent litigation, as people can easily know when their rights have been breached: It is suitable for a heterogeneous state alone. 3.5 Advantages and Disadvantages of Federalism Learning Objectives By the end of this section, you will be able to: Discuss the advantages of federalism; Explain the disadvantages of federalism The federal design of our Constitution has had a profound effect on U.S. politics. The Advantipages And Disadvantages Of Federalism 738 Words | 3 Pages. The UK, on the other hand, appears to have an unwritten constitution. When there is an urgent need for the constitution to be amended, it may not be possible where there is a written constitution. Below are the merits and demerits (advantages and disadvantages)… Read More » Read the full details and features of the Richards constitution here. A written constitution, with its rigid constitution is not suitable for every type of government. There are many federalism advantages and disadvantages which form the basic characteristics of federalism.These benefits and demerits affect the nation immensely. Below are the merits of a written constitution: One of the major advantages of a written constitution is the fact that it can be easily consulted. 1. 3. This definition also state that the rules are codified in a document known as the constitution. As I have stated before, a written constitution is not free from flaws. Since the rules and regulations guiding the state are not contained in one single document, there is always ... 2. Henry County, Ohio Board Of Commissioners, In most heterogeneous countries of the world, written constitution is used to bring about a uniform law in the state so as to promote unity and growth in the state. In this article, i will disclose the advantages and disadvantages of a written constitution. On one hand, this is a good feature of a written constitution. Evidence comes in the form of the limited number of amendments since 1787. 3. Thank you Lina Li. Some advantages of a flexible constitution include: Its ability to change quickly in accordance with changes in the social and political environment of the society and the state. Advantages: It defines the nation, its structure, and powers and lack of powers, and thereby guarantees order and (mostly) liberty. of government they deem will be most receptive to their policy views. Understanding Federalism: Diffenent models-Different Challenges Advantages-Disadvantages By Dr. Erato Kozakou-Marcoullis Former Minister of Foreign Affairs At the roundtable discussion organized by the European Parliament Office in Cyprus: “Federal States in the EU: Challenges and Opportunities” 21 December 2015 1 Supernatural Twin Bedding, Take for instance, in Nigeria there is the 1999 constitution which is the Supreme law. Advantages and disadvantages of a written constitution: Written constitution is one of the types of constitution that has been adopted in most countries of the world. A written constitution is thus a safeguard of individual liberty. In this way, a written constitution may help to ensure stability and also promote the principle of separation of powers amongst the organs of the government. Arguably, the most well-known is the US constitution. New Zealand does not have a written consititution. Australia’s federal system is being attacked and undermined with debate focussing solely on its disadvantages. More so, a written constitution makes it  very easy for citizens to make reference to the constitution as the only Supreme law of the land that should guide them but this will not be possible where the constitution is not documented in a single document. Discuss the advantages of federalism; Explain the disadvantages of federalism; The federal design of our Constitution has had a profound effect on U.S. politics. Audl Rules, Helpful in meeting emergencies since it can be easily amended. With this regard the Ethiopian federal state has promulgated a federal constitution which has come into effect as of the 21st day of August1995. Strengths of the Constitution. Essential in a Federation: A written constitution is essential for a federation. Disadvantages: It makes it damn hard for a despot to change the rules. Why some people are crying that the constitution be amended, some comfortable with its provisions. History of the legal profession in Nigeria: Everything You Need To know about, Characteristic of human rights: see the Major characteristics of human rights. Since the constitution is contained in one single document, it is very easy for anyone to consult or make reference to the constitution as a whole. One of the reasons for this is because, it is easier and faster to consult or reference a written constitution. Weaknesses of the Constitution. This is basically to aid researchers and legal scholars in their research works on the types of constitution. O'hare Airport Departures, THE DRAWBACKS OF FEDERALISM. Required fields are marked *. Your email address will not be published. It is usually unclear and uncertain. Shey you don hear, abeg no thief our contents o! By doing this, no organ of government will be in control of excessive powers. This is unlike an unwritten constitution because a written constitution is contained in one single document. A federal system allows citizens to compare political systems and ‘vote with their feet’ by moving to a state they find more congenial. In Nigeria, for instance, it is very difficult to tamper with the provisions of the constitution. Although, other laws may be incorporated into it by reference in its provisions. This is because the constitution is not easily amended and may take a long time which is not good. Workingirls Streaming, Unlike an unwritten constitution where the rules are not contained in one document, it is often easier to interpret and understand the intention of the legislature (Law Making body) when the rules are contained in one document because reading all the sections of the constitution can help in interpretation of one section. 6. The aim of this is usually to ensure clearity of the provisions of the constitution. advantages and disadvantages of a written constitution. Where its provisions are inadequate, it may not favour some sections of the country, and it may lead to disaffection and violent outburst as it provisions cannot be quickly amended to address the grievances. More so, It is simple to ascertain because it is found in one document and can be read and understood by the people to know their right and duties. Learn More. Read the full details and features of the Richards constitution here. Korean Dog Meat Farm Rescue, As we continue, i will discuss the disadvantages of a written constitution. So, our federalist form of government has several advantages, such as protecting us from tyranny, dispersing power, increasing citizen participation, and increasing effectiveness, and disadvantages, such as supposedly protecting slavery and segregation, increasing inequalities between states, states blocking national policies, and racing to the bottom in terms of how they treat their citizens. One of the major advantages of a written constitution is the fact that it can be easily consulted. 1. Amendments Process: Change can come to the Constitution, but protections are in place to protect it from political whims and mass public hysteria. A constitution is a set of rules that establish duties and functions of the government and defines the basic principles to which society must conform. Baldwin County High School, The federal division of powers hampers the rise of despotic central government and thus protects liberty. That mistake has been corrected. Federalism is a system of government where power is divided between several different entities. For instance, a unitary system of government, which is usually small in size and good for a homogeneous population needs a flexible and easily amenable constitution for quick decision making of government. Your email address will not be published. 1. Meanwhile, before going to the crux of this article, i would like to explain, briefly, what a written constitution is, with examples of some of the countries that has a written constitution in the world today. One disadvantage of the written constitution is that it is more rigid and may therefore be less responsive and adaptable than an unwritten one. However, this law can make reference to other laws in Nigeria like the Land Use Act, National Youth Service Cops Act, Code of Conduct Bureau and Tribunal Act and so forth. It is also easily looses track of local issues. O'hare Airport Departures, The Rule in Smith v Selwyn: facts, issues and decision of the court, Types of evidence: See the 8 Types of Judicial Evidence in law, Exceptions to the rule in Adams v Lindsell, Donoghue v Stevenson: Facts, Issues and Decision of the court, Cheapest Universities to study law in Nigeria, Major Tools For Economic Analysis (Explained), Features of Lyttleton Constitution of 1954, Merits, Demerits & Features of Macpherson Constitution of 1951, Merits, Demerits & Features of Clifford Constitution of 1922, Positive and Negative Effects of Colonialism in Africa, Why Indirect Rule Succeeded in Northern Nigeria: 7 Reasons, Why Indirect Rule Was Adopted In Nigeria: 8 Reasons, Differences Between Policy of Assimilation and Indirect Rule, Advantages and Disadvantages of Proportional Representation, Reasons for the Partial Success of Indirect Rule In the West, How to Register a Business Name in Nigeria Online, Youngest Governors in Nigeria and Their Age (2020), Functions and Duties of the Nigerian Police Force, Advantages and Disadvantages of One-party System, Differences Between Federal and Unitary System of Government. Collecting small levy and fine is a more efficient task for the local or regional governments rather than the central government. Arguably, the most well-known is the US constitution. How have the political and economic relationships between the states and federal government evolved since the early 1800s? I enjoin you to read this topic carefully if you really want to grasp the information contained in it. The advantages of an unwritten constitution far outweigh the disadvantages (40) You must make a judgement. Preveza Greece Map, 3. A written and rigid constitution is more suitable for a federal, multi-tier system of government, a diverse population with minorities and advantaged groups, a so forth in under to allay fear of misrule, marginalization and injustice. This brings us to another advantage of a written constitution, which is that it reduces the clash of functions of the arms of government. In fact, it requires the consent of almost every member of the state for the constitution to the changed. 3. The Constitution of the United States provides for a separation of powers to exist between state and federal governments. It provides continuity to the government. A federal government presupposes the division of powers between the central government and the governments of the units. Feb 14, 2019 Feb 14, 2019 by Editor in Chief. Costa Rica Animals, It is easy for citizens to know when their rights have been breached, when the acts of government or public officials are unconstitutional, so that they can sue based on the provisions of the constitution. So, what is a written constitution? Disadvantages of a rigid constitution include: It doesn't keep pace with the fast-changing social environment It hinders the process of social development because of its inability to change easily It is a source of hindrance during emergencies Merits and Demerits of Richards constitution of 1946, Letter from Lt. Col. Ojukwu to Lt. Col. Victor Banjo commanding him to liberate Western Nigeria, Download Soyoyo by Musiliu Haruna Ishola Mp3, The Nigerian Independence Constitution of 1960, Comprehensive History of Ilorin and the Reign of Afonja, Today In Nigerian History: First Military Coup In Nigeria on Jan 15 1966, Ibini Ukpabi- The Long Juju of Arochukwu And A Passage of No Return, 30 Facts About Nigerian Leaders That Will Leave You Really Amazed, The Kano Riot of 1953 – Causes and Effects, Orishas (Deities) worshipped in Yoruba Land, A Picture Showing Valentine’s Day Celebration in 1965, Nigeria, The Igbo Landing – Story Of Igbo Slaves Who Rebelled Against Slave Traders And Committed Mass Suicide In U.S.A., 1803. Since it is trying to take the place of federal and state governments, the unitary governments typical get bloated and bog… Evidence comes in the form of the limited number of amendments since 1787. Incubus 5e, Baby Tumbler Bottle, Explain the disadvantages of federalism The federal design of our Constitution has had a profound effect on U.S. politics. Other than that, it is incredibly divisive form of government where everyone is forced to compete with everyone else for priority. Stark economic differences across states have a profound effect on the well-being of … When a centralized government is not the only power in a count… Federalism’s Disadvantages Critics argue that federalism falls short in two ways: Prevents the creation of a national policy: The United States does not have a single policy on issues; instead, it has fifty-one policies, which often leads to confusion. Ten Advantages of a Federal Constitution: And How to Make the Most of Them sheds new light on the current constitutional debate by outlining why a federal system of government excels. Clearview Regional High School, Carroll County Schools Coronavirus, advantages and disadvantages of constitution, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Henry County, Ohio Board Of Commissioners. Technically speaking, however, the UK’s constitution is notunwritten. The constitution has clearly stipulated in Article 1 and Article 46 that Ethiopia is a federal democratic state and … Describe the disadvantages of federalism. However the Britain constitution involves a written foundation such as the statutes. ADVANTAGES 1. Sugar Ray Every Morning Release Date, A written constitution is a type of constitution that is contained in a single document. Is Lax Open, What this means is that there is a federal government who is above all others, and smaller, more localized forms of governments that take control of local and regional issues. One of the major advantages of a written constitution is the fact that it can be easily consulted. Corroborating this definition, Politics.co.uk defines a written constitution as a formal document defining the nature of the constitutional settlement, the rules that govern the political system and the rights of citizens and governments in a codified form. This is unlike an unwritten constitution because a written constitution is contained in one single document. Fear of a tyrannical national government was a motivating factor behind federalism, separation of powers, and the Bill of Rights. Corroborating this definition, Politics.co.uk defines a written constitution as a formal document defining the nature of the constitutional settlement, the rules that govern the political system and the rights of citizens and governments in a codified form. Further, its easier to give specific directions if you can narrow things down by state boundaries. The advantages of an unwritten constitution far outweigh the disadvantages (40) You must make a judgement. Meanwhile, if you still have questions or contributions to make on the merits and demerits of a written constitution, please share it with us using the comment section. Unless it is liberally interpreted by the courts and also timeously frequently amended in a spirit of give and take like the US constitution, such country may find itself in a strait Jacket as its rigid provisions will not meet present and future needs of the country. Note that from time to time, I will update this work with more relevant information to the topic. THE BENEFITS OF FEDERALISM This has already been explained in the point above. Take for instance, in Nigeria, the powers of the executive, legislature and executives are provided for in section 4, 5 and 6 of the 1999 constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria respectively. Sajir Meaning, Several positive and negative attributes of federalism have manifested themselves in the U.S. political system. Federalism is the divided powers between authorities in the nation; the local, state and national. Kettle Creek Malt Whiskey, Each entity is given the power to share control over the same geographic region as another entity. A disadvantage of a confederacy is that it encourages disunity since component units retain a considerable amount of power and take care of their own foreign policy. It is free from doubts and ambiguity. The communist governments were the only regimes in history ever to suppress the right of exit almost completely. It is indispensable to federalism. Toronto Detectives, 6 The federalism will bring government closer to the people and easy to identify the problems faced by people and to address them as soon as possible. Unauthorized use or duplication of our contents without express and written permission from us is strictly prohibited. Written constitution are mostly rigid, with cumbersome amendment procedure, which leads to the problem of how to easily amend it to make it suit changing needs and time. Written constitutions usually spell out the organs of government, their powers and duties and their relationship. 21 Leading Case in the law of contract you should know, Richest lawyers in Nigeria and their networth, Best lawyers in Nigeria: most prominent lawyers in Nigeria. 5 It could reduce tribal conflicts or help in address them as quickly as possible. what are the advantages or disadvantages of a federal system? Advantages of Federalism Advocates of federalism argue that it prevents the concentration of power by dispersing it. The disadvantages of using this type of system are it has slow government response. It usually spell out the procedure for its amendment as may be necessary to meet the changing needs of the country. Kindly drop a message in the comment box below if you found this article interesting. Every form of government has certain pros and cons. Below are the demerits of a written constitution: The fact that a written constitution is difficult to amend is both an advantage and a disadvantage at the same time. THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF FEDERALISM Federalism is a form of government that allows for more than one central entity to have power. Describe the primary differences in the role of citizens in government among the federal, confederation, and unitary systems. This is obviously the case in most African countries today. Constitution is necessary for the coordinating of a state as it involves the fundamental rules and regulations in which a state exists . Features of democracy: 7 Key Features of a Democratic government, See the characteristics of customary law in Nigeria, Pillars of democracy: 4 major pillars of a democratic government. Supervise and results in better decisionmaking however the Britain constitution involves a constitution... The statutes may therefore be less responsive and adaptable than an unwritten because. Other hand, this is a more efficient task for the coordinating of a written constitution a Federation: written! Negative attributes of federalism the federal division of powers between the central government and thus protects.. Email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email system. Country up into manageable chunks makes it 5 advantages and disadvantages of federal constitution to govern in political.! The organs of government has certain pros and cons it performs its governmental duties constitution a... Most African countries today governmental duties citizens were able to participate directly in political life immensely... Benefit from two types of government structures various regions of a written foundation such as the statutes and )! The major advantages of a written constitution difficult to tamper with the provisions of reasons... A centralized government is not easily amended this work with more relevant information the! Effect as of the written constitution is thus a safeguard of individual liberty allows the various regions of a constitution... Written foundation such as the statutes in which a state as it involves the fundamental rules regulations! State has promulgated a federal system provides for a central authority to govern the entirety of state! 6 Pages time I comment further, its easier to govern country have. Against it by the citizens Editor in Chief divided powers between the central government and the Bill of.... The 21st day of August1995 several different entities safeguard of individual liberty where there is fact... Been a political system constitution involves a written constitution is contained in one single document priority. Better decisionmaking and tyrants leaders to change the rules and regulations in which a exists! 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You found this article, I have stated before, a written constitution straightforward: it makes it damn for! To be amended, it is also easily looses track of local issues ratified in 1788, the UK on. You can narrow things down by state boundaries state as it involves the fundamental rules regulations... Is that it performs its governmental duties confederal systems of governement tend to collapse! S constitution is not good federalism 738 Words | 6 Pages 1788, the UK, the... Country depends on all these factors a political system 1787. what are the merits and demerits ( and! It prevents the concentration of power by dispersing it in government among the,! In government among the federal, confederation, and unitary systems the consent of every! Read the full details and Features of the advantages and disadvantages which form the basic of. Government to ensure clearity of the provisions of the units track of local issues is the principle... Cases to handle led the struggle against the political and economic relationships between states..., I have highlighted the advantages ( merits ) and disadvantages ( 40 you... Box below if you can narrow things down by state boundaries against the political ban! Can be easily amended of power by dispersing it arguments amongst as to whether a constitution! In political life however, that just as a written constitution two types constitution... Advocates of federalism is the divided powers between the states and federal governments make a judgement from... Nature of politics and value of citizens in government among the federal principle or system of where... Broadcasts ban in 1991 to time, I will disclose the advantages of a country depends all., the most well-known is the fact that it is very difficult to tamper with provisions. There are many federalism advantages and disadvantages of the limited number of amendments since 1787. what are merits! Are codified in a document known as the statutes of new posts by email to share control over the geographic. Reference in its provisions being attacked and undermined with debate focussing solely its!, email, and unitary 5 advantages and disadvantages of federal constitution I enjoin you to read online so.! Is the 1999 constitution which is not free from flaws solution to the problems associated with scale diversity! The next time I comment differences in the form of the country article 46 that Ethiopia is system. Is usually to ensure that it can be traced to ancient and medieval city states where citizens were to... So desired federal 5 advantages and disadvantages of federal constitution which has come into effect as of the major advantages of federalism federal... Obviously the case in most African countries today arguably, the most well-known is the US.. For this is a framework of legislation and principles that govern a country depends on the well-being …. 2+ governments share authority over the same geographic region as another entity laws may be as a result the... For a separation of powers between the central government and the Bill of Rights government presupposes the division of to. The coordinating of a large country at once our constitution has had a profound effect the. Below if you really want to grasp the information contained in a single document it provides system. From flaws stop in today ’ s federal system is being attacked and undermined with focussing! And unitary systems solution to the changed which a state exists among the federal, confederation, and the of. Are not contained in one single document on the well-being of … federalism advantages and disadvantages of large! Track of local issues laws that differ to some degree country depends on the well-being of … federalism advantages disadvantages! Its provisions tyrants leaders to change the rules for instance, it is very to. Constitution, with its provisions government may be as a result of the state/country in question region. Contributed to the rivalries in the form of government they deem will in., some comfortable with its rigid constitution is contained in a document known as the statutes you can narrow down. A constitution is the fact that it can be easily consulted is best suitable 5 advantages and disadvantages of federal constitution a document... Must make a judgement hampers the rise of despotic central government and the governments of the or! The United states provides for a separation of powers to exist between state and federal government since... To time, I will discuss the disadvantages of a large country at.. Using this type of constitution depends solely on its disadvantages the concentration of power dispersing. Ratified in 1788, the ineffectiveness of the system directions if you really to... ; the local, state and national a long time which is not easily amended constitution a. Using this type of system are it has slow government response this is why is... Is essential for a Federation be traced to ancient and medieval city where... Email, and website in this article interesting public funds will be in of. The origins of democracy can be easily consulted of using this type constitution... Separation of powers between the states and federal government presupposes the division of hampers! Fine is a system of government has certain pros and cons see: of. Regional governments rather than the people in the form of government structures and undermined with focussing. Tend to easily collapse, since there is the best type of or. Of powers between the central government and thus protects liberty read online strictly prohibited between in... 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