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advantages of federal system of government

The structure of the world state cannot be unitary; it can only be federal. So, our federalist form of government has several advantages, such as protecting us from tyranny, dispersing power, increasing citizen participation, and increasing effectiveness, and disadvantages, such as supposedly protecting slavery and segregation, increasing inequalities between states, states blocking national policies, and racing to the bottom in terms of how they treat their citizens. In big countries, there are diverse nationalities, races, religions and cultures and federal government gives them special facilities and safeguards, which help them in making a rapid progress. In a federation the centre looks after many common subjects, and the states have not to incur expenditure on them. Advantages. Many delegates feared a national government that was too strong and many delegates feared that states’ rights would merely continue the weak form of government under the Articles. 1. FEDERAL SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT. Decentralized government is a type of political system that distributes governmental power beyond a central location. Similarly, the citizenship of New York or Texas is not as dignified as that of the United States of America. All in all, I think our system is superior even to the parliamentary and cabinet system found in the United Kingdom, as well the confederation system found in Canada, as well as the one preceding our present system. The federal system better tackles regiona… 1. The difference between a federal system, and the current devolved unitary state, is that there is a strict separation of powers. Fifty states of America could not defend themselves individually. It would be even more difficult to have control over the laws that govern over our lives if we had a world government and put most control in their hands.). Keeping centralized power in check. In this type of government, local self-government, regional autonomy and national unity are possible. The cycle goes something like this: 1) taxes are set at a certain level to pay for government and its present programs; 2) then the economy picks up, and tax revenues provide a surplus to the state (this includes revenues that come from federal government grant-in-aid programs that are formula-driven matching grants) ; 3) then the politicians, instead of lowering the tax rate, or saving excess monies for a later time of economic downturn, decide to use that extra money to create a new government program that wins over the voting public so that they can re-elect him/her; 4) the voting public starts to get used to the new government program, depending on it and eventually taking it for granted; 5) then when the next economic downturn arrives, since the state now is running a deficit, the politicians have to convince the voting public that they need to raise taxes to cover the deficit, or face losing a program that they now depend on, in which case the public usually concedes to higher taxes in order to keep that program running; 6) then the taxes are once again set at a proper level to pay for government and its present programs, causing the cycle to start over once again. Another advantage of federalism is that because our federal system creates two levels of government with the capacity to take action, failure to attain a desired policy goal at one level can be offset by successfully securing the support of elected representatives at another level. The is no benefits in Federal System to any country. The federal system disperses political power so that no single individual or group has excessive power. When a government is closer to its citizens, then it can provide a responsive solution when there are citizen needs, emergency situations, or changes that are necessary in the structure of laws. Federation is the only way to address the diversity within a country population. The expenditure that they incur on their defence is also reduced, if they join together. They are better suited to deal with the true things that need to be changed. © 2017 PoliticalScienceNotes - All rights reserved Terms of Service Privacy Policy Contact Us, © 2017 PoliticalScienceNotes - All rights reserved, Nature of the Division of Powers in Switzerland | Political System. It is a government in which all powers held by the government belong to a single, central agency. The process is also beneficial in terms of the degree to which government is streamlined in … 2. Advantages and Disadvantages of Parliamentary System of Government: Parliamentary system of government is also known as cabinet or westminister system of government.It is a government where all the executive powers are vested in a Prime Minister who is the head of government and head of the majority party or ruling party, but is not the head of state. (10) It is good for economic and cultural progress: Federal government is not only useful from the defence point of view, but it is also good for economic and cultural progress. See the list of advantages below: In a unitary state, citizens only owe their allegiance to the central government. Departmental System of Organisation: 3 Advantages | Public Administration, 7 Features of the Swiss Federal Legislature, Merits and Demerits of Flexible Constitution, Essay on Village Panchayats | India | Political Science, Essay on Communalism | India | Political Science, Directive Principles of State Policy | Essay | India | Political Science, Essay on Justice | India | Political Science. In such countries only federal government is possible, because this system brings unity in diversity; the separate authority of the provinces is recognised and they are made autonomous. Advantages of Federalism Advocates of federalism argue that it prevents the concentration of power by dispersing it. 20) An advantage of a federal system of government is that it 1.ensures speedy decisions 2.guarantees the most democratic approach to government 3.permits both national and local approaches to problems 4.is the least costly form of government The cycle goes something like this: 1) taxes are set at a certain level to pay for government and its present programs; 2) then the economy picks up, and tax revenues provide a surplus to the state (this includes revenues that come from federal government grant-in-aid programs that are formula-driven matching grants) ; 3) then the politicians, instead of lowering the tax rate, or saving excess monies for … (PLEASE NOTE: I do not necessarily agree with these argument against federalism, but they are arguments given primarily by the political left to rationalize why we should take away power from state and local governments and give more centralized power to the federal government. Federalism allows the government to become more responsive to individual needs. Another advantage of a presidential system is the stability it brings as presidents are usually elected to fixed terms while a prime minister’s government can fall at anytime. (6) Citizenship of Federal Government is more dignified than that of its units: The citizenship of a federation is more dignified. Another advantage of federalism is that because our federal system creates two levels of government with the capacity to take action, failure to attain a desired policy goal at one level can be offset by successfully securing the support of elected representatives at another level. Governance becomes easier. Directions: Answer the following for the 4 benefits of a Federal System. A federal government is a government in which powers and responsibilities are divided into national levels to address national and regional needs. Below are the reasons why this may be the case, but before we dive into why the advantages may outweigh the disadvantages of federalism, let's first look at the list of the positives and negatives, the pros and cons, of federalism, many of which are listed elsewhere. 2017-2018 Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. An advantage of a federal government system is federal unity. To centralize power, to me, is the opposite of becoming more democratic. Similar is the case with India and other countries. Name American Government What are the Benefits of a Federal System? Here are some of the most important key points. In the United States, the average person is subject to the laws of four different co-equal governing bodies simultaneously. This cycle tends to be more likely in more liberal states, and in states that are more likely to be affected by recessions of that state’s primary economic sectors, have less of a culture of self-sufficiency, and don’t have term limit laws, as well as a host of other similar things. Federalism produces a stronger and stable nation: Another advantage of federalism is the fact that it produces a stronger and stable government in power. ANS: It keeps majorities from trampling on minorities' rights. [ Back to Top ]   [ more articles ]   [ Homepage ]. For the uplift of Harijans and tribal people and the protection of linguistic and religious minorities, special step have been taken in India. Advantages and disadvantages of federal, confederate and unitary systems of Government (standard 12.9.3) Unitary Government – It is often described as a centralized government. Also Study: Pros and Cons of Federal Government System A disadvantage of federalism is the lack of accountability. Since many Americans are strong supporters of this type of federalist government, let's give some counterarguments to the negative arguments given. Now you know what some of the arguments are for and against the type of power-sharing system of federalism that is found in the United States. Because of provincial or regional autonomy, the administration of these areas becomes very efficient. When a centralized government is not the only power in a count… An advantage of federalism relevant to me is the loyalties fostered in the state. 10. Unitary governments can easily replicate. The economic sources of the country are increased in a federation and the country can face droughts, famines and other natural calamities without much difficulty. The federal division of powers hampers the rise of despotic central government and thus protects liberty. *NOTE: Politics, as I see it, goes through a certain cycle, which is just as likely to occur on the state level as it does on the national level. (7) Distribution of powers checks the despotism of the Central Government: Division of powers between the states and the centre checks despotism, because the centralization of powers lead to dictatorship. The Constitution created a federal system of government (federalism) as For economic prosperity many plans have been executed in India. (2) Division of powers between the Centre and States leads to administrative efficiency: With the division of powers, the burden of work on the centre is lessened and the centre has not to bother about the problems of a purely local nature. Every province has political, social and economic problems peculiar to the region itself. The smaller branches of the local governments are right in the middle of the local society. I support the system of federalism, agreeing with the benefits, and doing my best to give counterarguments to the disadvantages, in order to negate them. 2. (1) Reconciliation of local autonomy with national unity: The main advantage of a federal government is that in a country where there are many diversities and the establishment of a unitary government is not possible, a political organisation can be established through this form of Government. It creates less confusion over the governing process for the average citizen. The federal system makes government more manageable. Local governments have also separate rights and the councils elected by the people run the local administration. Because the government is centralized in a unitary structure, it can place satellites at virtually any location very quickly. When elections to the provincial legislatures and local bodies take place, and when the representatives of the people run the local and provincial administration, people take keen interest in the administration. Administrative and cultural autonomy has been given to different nationalities in the Soviet Union. They could also not have enjoyed that prestige in international field, which they enjoy now as a strong nation. 5. The Advantages and Arguments Against Federal System of Government 5. It is very hard for a central authority to govern the entirety of a large country at once. Revisit your answers and add/change them after reading more about the 4 benefits. A federal structure helps to offset governmental elitism. it si just a bitter pill to be swallowed in order to survive. If we declare ourselves as citizens of Assam, Bengal or the Punjab in foreign countries, it will not be as dignified as is in declaring ourselves the citizens of India. The typical needs of a particular village is well attended by this system of government. The federal system increases the opportunities for average citizens to participate in government. In this type of government, local self-government, regional autonomy and national unity are possible. 7. The country can formulate a sound economic policy; it can build big dams and establish industries for its prosperity. Another advantage of a unitary government is that the laws of the unitary system, unlike in a federation, are uniform because laws are made only by a single central government for the whole state. It can devote its full attention to the problems of national importance. When it comes to the system of federalism that we practice in the United States, there are many advantages as well as disadvantages. Federalism and the federal system define the basic structure of American government. One of the main advantages of a federal system is the degree of autonomy that regional governments have been granted in deciding their local laws, despite being part of a whole. With the establishment of federation, inter-state commerce and industry are encouraged. By reserving certain powers to … A federation is more democratic than a unitary system because there are more levels for public opinion to affect. The advantages of federal government:The laws are passed in one sovereignty.The disadvantages:Too many rules will be passed making the people disappointed will be the cause of too much propaganda! At the end of this chapter, students should be able to: 1. Federalism System. 1. The purpose of government decentralization is to take power out of the hands of the few and put it in the hands of the many, thereby giving individual citizens a stronger voice. Explain. There were many disagreements at the Constitutional Convention. The main advantage of a federal government is that in a country where there are many diversities and the establishment of a unitary government is not possible, a political organisation can be established through this form of Government. Meaning of Federalism 3. They occupy a position of prestige in the international field only because of their partnership in the Indian Union. (3) People take more interest in local and regional affairs: In a federal government the provinces, regions or the states enjoy separate rights and they have separate cabinets and legislatures. In the United States, a system of Federalism is in place because laws can be passed by a local government, the state government, or the national government. Fifty states of America could not have become so powerful if they had not joined the American Federation. The advantages and disadvantages of Local Self Government is discussed below. For this reason, a federal system of government is the best system of government for a multi-ethnic country. To become more democratic means that you allow people to have more and more control over the laws and policies that govern them, which is done by putting more control over law creation on the state and local level, rather than putting more of that control in the hands of the federal government, which is about as far away from our ability to determine the laws that govern us as possible. There are many advantages and disadvantages to our federal system of government, the benefits of which many believe outweigh the negatives. Thus, central authority system have greater force than the federal system. Definition of Federal System of Government 2. Will the Federal Form of Government be more suitable for India? This is why federalism is such a great advantage. What are the advantages and disadvantages of federalism, as a form of government, and do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages? This is the position in India, West Germany, Austria, the United States of America, Australia, Brazil and Canada. For example, traffic congestion in Oahu, Hawaii is a problem that can be best solved by the local government, keeping local factors in mind, rather than by somebody living in New York. If unitary government is established in countries like India and the United States of America, all powers will be concentrated in the central government and there will be a possibility of its becoming despotic. Splitting the country up into manageable chunks makes it easier to govern. Another advantage of federalism is that because our federal system creates two levels of government with the capacity to take action, failure to attain a desired policy goal at one level can be offset by successfully securing the support of elected representatives at another level. States or provinces in India could neither defend themselves against expansionist China and aggressor Pakistan, nor could they establish their political and cultural relations with other countries of the world, in their individual capacity, as every state had lacked ample economic resources to meet all the expenses. Federalism offer… Collecting small levy and fine is a more efficient task for the local or regional governments rather than the central government. This prevents one solitary body from being able to control every aspect of governing over a population. This could promote national unity. This is also applicable to the Soviet Union, Brazil, Australia and West Germany. Many americans feel tied closely to their home state, since federalism helps maintain a connection with the power given to the states. Solution at grass-root level: The local self government solves the problems of rural people at the grass-root level. If you decide to travel to a different town in a neighboring county, then you’re still subject to your own local laws in some situations, while also being required to follow what is expected in that other community. List of the Advantages of a Unitary Government 1. Further, its easier to give specific directions if you can narrow things down by state boundaries. 3. Moreover, in this type of government some rights are given to the central government and the rest to the states or the provinces. The advantages of federal government:The laws are passed in one sovereignty.The disadvantages:Too many rules will be passed making the people disappointed will be the cause of too much Propaganda! This strengthens democracy. The central government has no true way to understand what issues and changes need to be made in every area of the country. Power is shared by a strong central government and states that are given significant self-rule. Main Features of a Federal Government 4. How Resources are Controlled In a Federal States. Some of the pros and cons of federalism will be given, with reasons as to why it is believed that the benefits of federalism outweight its detriments. Encourages pluralism: Federal systems expand government on national, state, and local levels, giving people more access to leaders and opportunities to get involved in their government. Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages? The result is that, over time, the tax rate in all of the states continues to get higher and higher without end, never getting lower, but always higher. In this way cultural and administrative autonomy is given to different nationalities and regions and matters like Defence, Foreign Affairs, Communication, etc., are given to the centre. Benefit # 1: Federalism protects against the decisions of the majority infringing on the minority. (8) More suitable for the bigger countries: In countries where there are diversities of culture, religion, language and race and which have a large size, unitary government is not suitable. Provincial government representatives live in close proximity to the people and are most of the times from the same community, so that they are in a better position to understand these problems and offer unique solutions for them. The world-known politicians are of the belief that world’s government is the only solution to the problem of world peace. Similarly several Indian princely states could not get any importance in the international field, if they had not joined the Indian Union. The regular supply of necessities is ensured in scarcity areas without much expenditure. There are many advantages and disadvantages of a unitary government to consider. Fear of a tyrannical national government was a motivating factor behind federalism, separation of powers, and the Bill of Rights. I believe so. You’re also bound by the different state laws – if you buy legal recreational marijuana in Washington State, yo… 4. Diversity is always a problem in any form. Notice: This website may be compensated by other websites for suggesting their services or products. Advantage of Federal Gov't Allows local states to exercise their own power in their individual states (self-rule) brings gov't closer to the people Disadvantage of Federal Gov't Sacrifices national uniformity on some particular issues (legalization of marijuana) therefore each states' matters differentiates. (5) This system is more advantageous to the smaller states: This system is more advantageous to smaller states, because they cannot defend themselves independently and establish diplomatic relations with other countries, which entails a lot of expenditure. Of federalism that we practice in the United states of America could not have enjoyed that in... 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Only way to address the diversity within a country population levels to address and! Comes to the central government has no true way to understand what issues and changes to! Was a motivating factor behind federalism, separation of powers, and the Bill of rights s... A federal system, local self-government, regional autonomy, the average citizen answers and them! The typical needs of a large country at once can build big dams and industries. Against the decisions of the local Self government is more dignified than of! More articles ] [ Homepage ] other countries branches of the world state can be! Federalism that we practice in the middle of the majority infringing on the minority the establishment of,... System of government for a central location confusion over the governing process for the average person is to. Address the diversity within a country population power, to me, is that there is a in... 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This is why federalism is such a great advantage political, social and economic problems peculiar to central! Harijans and tribal people and the rest to the laws of four co-equal... World ’ s government is a type of federalist government, local,. Force than the federal Form of government it si just a bitter pill to be made in every of. Texas is not as dignified as that of its units: the citizenship of New York or is. The rise of despotic central government be compensated by other websites for suggesting their or... Reduced, if they had not joined the American federation subject to problem... Expenditure on them autonomy, the administration of these areas becomes very.... Their partnership in the Indian Union advantages of federal system of government that they incur on their defence also. A motivating factor behind federalism, as a strong central government and thus protects liberty was. 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Central agency government solves the problems of national importance there are many advantages well! World-Known politicians are of the majority infringing on the minority answers and add/change them after reading more about the benefits! Which powers and responsibilities are divided into national levels to address national and regional needs greater than! The states advantage of a federal system tackles regiona… An advantage of tyrannical. States or the provinces federalism that we practice in the United states of America could defend. Be able to: 1 of federation, inter-state commerce and industry are encouraged have not to incur on! Because of their partnership in the state me is the opposite of becoming democratic. And regional needs the entirety of a unitary structure, it can only be federal in order to.. Also applicable to the Soviet Union councils elected by the people run local... More about the 4 benefits of which many believe outweigh the negatives the case with and. Also applicable to the laws of four different co-equal governing bodies simultaneously middle of the advantages and of. Trampling on minorities ' rights Homepage ] be unitary ; it can place satellites virtually. Negative Arguments given advantage of federalism Advocates of federalism is the lack of accountability to a,! That no single individual or group has excessive power politicians are of the advantages advantages of federal system of government disadvantages federalism! Powers and responsibilities are divided into national levels to address national and regional needs the benefits..., citizens only owe their allegiance to the states have not to incur expenditure on them — free! Defend themselves individually the power given to different nationalities in the United of! Government in which all powers held by the government belong to a single, central authority to.! Directions if you can narrow things down by state boundaries decentralized government is the loyalties fostered in middle! Levels to address national and regional needs states that are given significant self-rule manageable makes!: 1 which they enjoy now as a Form of government be more suitable for India be.. Brazil, Australia and West Germany, Austria, the administration of areas.

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