(100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. The present paper describes the chemical composition of the essential oils obtained by hydrodistillation from four Impatiens species, Impatiens glandulifera Royle, I. parviflora DC., I. balsamina L. and I. noli-tangere L. The GC and GC-MS methods resulted in identification of 226 volatile compounds comprising from 61.7%–88.2% of the total amount. Balsamina lacca Medik. Stevens PF, 2012. Balsamina cornuta (L.) DC. Because I. balsamina is widely commercialized as an ornamental and potted plant in the horticultural trade, the risk of new introductions of this species is very high. Janssens, S. B., Knox, E. B., Huysmans, S., Smets, E. F., Merckx, V. S. F. T., 2009. I. balsamina grows best in full sun to shade on well-drained but moist soils. Impatiens balsamina Preferred Common Name; garden balsam Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness; Impatiens balsamina is an annual herb thought to be native to India and Myanmar. Bothalia. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution.1192 pp. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 52(3), 806-824. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/10557903 doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2009.04.013. In Nicaragua, and other tropical regions, this species flowers and fruits throughout the year (van Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, 2001; Flora of Nicaragua, 2018). Reddy CS, 2008. The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, National Association of Exotic Pest Plant Councils. 1192 pp. Flora of China. I. balsamina grows at elevations from close to sea level up to 3500 m. This species is commonly cultivated as an ornamental in gardens across tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Impatiens balsamina. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Impatiens glanulifera, Balsaminaceae imported pest displacing endemic species in many places. Rapid radiation of Impatiens (Balsaminaceae) during Pliocene and Pleistocene: result of a global climate change. Bolivia Catalogue. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Also considered invasive in some areas, Reported as both native and introduced in the country, Naturalized; Original citation: Broome (2018), Cultivated; Original citation: Bolivia Catalogue (2018), Original citation: Idarraga et al. Range. Alien plants of the British Isles. [ed. Hosts: All varieties of garden impatiens, Impatiens walleriana and balsam impatiens, Impatiens balsamina. Mansfeld's World Database of Agriculture and Horticultural Crops. New catalogue of the vascular flora of Venezuela. Catalogue of invasive alien flora of India. Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species. Catalogue of invasive alien flora of India. Share. Ecología en Bolivia, 38(2), 141-160. Germany: IPK Gatersleben. In: Flora Mesoamericana. Common Names. Solomon Islands Solomon Islands Solomon Islands introduced invasive Tropicos website. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. In: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Galera H, Ratyńska H, 1999. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae, 68(3), 227-236. doi: 10.5586/asbp.1999.031. European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers. Impatiens balsamina, commonly called rose balsam or garden balsam, is an erect, sparsely-branched, tender annual that typically grows to 6-30” tall (depending on variety).Although an old garden favorite since at least Victorian times, it has been eclipsed in popularity in recent years by its close relative, the flat-flowered garden impatiens (Impatiens walleriana). St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://www.tropicos.org/Project/fm, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018. Online database. Naturalization and invasion of alien plants in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. touch me not plant for sale near me. Impatiens balsamina. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). Chacón E, Saborío G, 2012. 3 (2), 177-184. http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?paperID=17533 DOI:10.4236/ajps.2012.32021, USDA-ARS, 2018. These flowers don’t perform well as cut blossoms and are best enjoyed in the garden. ex D.Don. Barbados: University of the West Indies.http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, CABI, 2018. Valkenburg, J. L. C. H. van, Bunyapraphatsara, N., 2001. This species does not tolerate frost (Gilman and Howe, 1999; PFAF, 2018). Wild jewelweeds are also susceptible. Chromosomal evolution in Balsaminaceae, with cytological observations on 45 species from Southeast Asia. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Balsamina angustifolia Blume. First record of Plasmopara obducens (downy mildew) on impatiens in Australia. It has been widely introduced outside of its native range as an ornamental to Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania and some parts of tropical Africa. Before the ubiquitous impatiens of today, there were balsam flowers. Balsam (Impatiens balsamina) can grow to about 30 inches tall and taller varieties of busy Lizzy reach 24 inches. Beltsville, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory.http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/tax_search.pl, USDA-NRCS, 2018. I. balsamina has escaped from cultivation and is now naturalized in disturbed sites, secondary forests, forest edges and riparian sites. by Tokarska-Guzik, B., Brock, J. H., Brundu, G., Child, L., Daehler, C. C., Pyšek, P.]. Hokche O, Berry PE, Huber O, 2008. No pruning is necessary. Anderberg et al. 38 (2), 141-160. Caterpillars outdoors. While the genus Impatiens is very diverse and includes about 1000 species, the genus Hydrocera is monotypic, containing the single species Hydrocera triflora, native to South India, Sri Lanka, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, and the Celebes (Gupta, 2011). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela: Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.859 pp. No known synonyms Conclusions by Zone. In cultivation, I. balsamina is impacted by insects. Greenhouse weeds in the botanical garden of Pas in Warsaw-Powsin. Flora Mesoamericana. Online database. Biological Invasions, 17(1), 149-163. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3/fulltext.html doi: 10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3, Sekar, K. C., 2012. The optimum temperature for germination is 25-28°C, and for the seedlings a night temperature of about 20°C is needed (Gilman and Howe, 1999; van Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, 2001). This species can form large stands in the understory of secondary forests displacing native species and preventing the natural regeneration of these areas (Flora Mesoamericana, 2018; GRIIS, 2018; PIER, 2018; PROTA, 2018). Greenhouse weeds in the botanical garden of Pas in Warsaw-Powsin. India Biodiversity Portal, 2018. 208 pp. Plant introduction, naturalization, and invasion in French Guiana (South America). The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Seeds many, black-brown, globose, 1.5-3 mm in diameter, tuberculate. Bothalia, 41(1), 41-82. http://www.sanbi.org, Flora Mesoamericana, 2018. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Impatiens are found all over the world but this particular species is native to India, Bangaladesh and Burma. Website developed by The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health and the National Park Servicein cooperation with the Invasive Plant Atlas of New England, Invasive Plant Control, Inc., USDA Forest Service,USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, National Association of Exotic Pest Plant Councils,Plant Conservation Alliance, and Biota of North America Program. Balsamina mollis G.Don Balsamina odorata Buch.-Ham. As the anther walls break down and retract, the cellulose threads produced hold the exposed pollen in a lattice, from which the pollinating insects can then collect it (Vogel and Cocucci, 1988). Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Balsamina racemosa Buch.-Ham. The chromosome number reported for I. balsamina is 2n = 14 (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018). Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. GRIIS, 2018. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov. Galera, H., Ratynska, H., 1999. Ochoa J G, Andrade G I, 2003. Biological Invasions, 14(5), 915-927. http://www.springerlink.com/content/mp782272x513px25/ doi: 10.1007/s10530-011-0129-1, Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F., Smith, G. F., 2011. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. Cunnington, J. H., Aldaoud, R., Loh, M., Washington, W. S., Irvine, G., 2008. Plant introduction, naturalization, and invasion in French Guiana (South America). Tall Impatiens. Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species., http://www.griis.org/. In: Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds . It is doing well in a difficult position heavily shaded by ornamental grasses. https://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/app/uploads/2017/04/flora_of_singapore_tc.pdf. There is no information available for the specific control of I. balsamina, however, herbicides such as 2,4-D, triclopyr and glyphosate have been recommended to control the closely related species I. glandulifera (CABI, 2018). Balsamina coccinea DC.. Balsamina cornuta DC.. Balsamina foeminea Gaertn.. Balsamina hortensis Desp.. Balsamina lacca Medik.. Balsamina minutiflora Span.. Balsamina mollis G.Don. 2), 1-88. http://repositorio.geotech.cu/jspui/bitstream/1234/1476/4/Lista%20nacional%20de%20plantas%20invasoras%20de%20Cuba-2015.pdf, PIER, 2018. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/fm, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018. Victorians loved these Asian imports during the early 20th century, but the flowers’ popularity waned as the interest in hybrid annuals grew after World War II. 2001, Debris and waste associated with human activities, http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-2.RLTS.T168915A6547780.en, http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list, http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/tax_search.pl, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Both native and introduced in the country. Red Interamericana de Información de Especies Invasoras, Costa Rica. > 10°C, Cold average temp. In: Plant invasions: human perception, ecological impacts and management, [ed. Flora of Nicaragua, Tropicos website. 2. Impatiens balsamina is an annual herb thought to be native to India and Myanmar. 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impatiens balsamina invasive

Online Database. Chacón E, Saborío G, 2012. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://www.tropicos.org/Project/BC, Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. Compendium record. Bolivia Catalogue, 2018. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. by Valkenburg J L C H van, Bunyapraphatsara N]. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers. Seeds can be secondarily dispersed by wind and water and as a contaminant on topsoil (van Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, 2001; Stevens, 2012; Flora Mesoamericana, 2018; PIER, 2018). 860 pp. Invasive alien plants of Indian Himalayan Region - diversity and implication. Questions and/or comments to the Bugwood Webmaster Impatiens balsamina L. North Africa Family Balsaminaceae Genus Impatiens L. Species Impatiens balsamina L. … http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-2.RLTS.T168915A6547780.en. Chong K Y, Tan H T W, Corlett R T, 2009. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds. Factsheet 05/04 Impatiens Protected Crops. Biological Invasions. https://www.prota4u.org/. It is cultivated as an ornamental and naturalized across Europe, parts of tropical Africa and much of tropical and temperate Asia, Central and South America, the Caribbean and many islands in the Pacific Ocean (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018; Flora Mesoamericana, 2018; Flora of Pakistan, 2018; GRIIS, 2018; PIER, 2018; PROTA, 2018; USDA-ARS, 2018). Naturalization and invasion of alien plants in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. 396 pp. The introduced flora to Machu Picchu Sanctuary: an inventory and management priorities for biodiversity conservation. Alien plants of the British Isles, London, UK: Botanical Society of the British Isles.603 pp. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Impatiens balsamina L. – spotted snapweed Subordinate Taxa. Balsamina hortensis Desp. Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Invasive alien plants of Indian Himalayan Region - diversity and implication. Flora of China. Additionally, this species has the potential to escape from cultivation and become naturalized in the wild (Flora Mesoamericana, 2018). St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria.http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flora of Nicaragua, 2018. In Puerto Rico, this species was first collected in 1899 (Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015). Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. The flowers of I. balsamina are protandrous. I. balsamina is a popular ornamental plant that has been widely introduced across tropical and subtropical regions of the world (Flora Mesoamericana, 2018; PIER, 2018; USDA-ARS, 2018). Song Yi, Yuan YongMing, Küpfer, P., 2003. Hokche O, Berry PE, Huber O, 2008. India Biodiversity Portal, 2018. However, stem fragments may readily take root. Ochoa, J. G., Andrade, G. I., 2003. The flowers and leaves are often used across Asia for the traditional dyeing of a woman hair, nails, hands and feet (IPK Gatersleben, 2018). Leaves are lanceolate to lance-ovate with acuminate tips. Adamowski, W., 2008. This species has been cultivated as an ornamental in Europe since the 16th century (Adamowski, 2008; IPK Gatersleben, 2018). I. balsamina spreads by seed. http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. 57-70. In: Invasive Species Compendium, Wallingford, UK: CABI.https://www.cabi.org/ISC/datasheet/28766, Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2018. Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore. by | Dec 8, 2020 | Uncategorized | 0 comments | Dec 8, 2020 | Uncategorized | 0 comments A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species. Lista Nacional de plantas invasoras en Cuba - 2015. This easy-to-grow daisy looks a lot like the Ox Eye Daisy, but it is not as invasive. Rome, Italy: Casa Editrice Università La Sapienza.208 pp. Reddy CS, 2008. Impatiens giorgii De Wild.. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. East Malling, UK: Horticultural Development Council. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). In: Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds, Ottawa, Canada: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Online Database. Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. The PLANTS Database. http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, USDA-ARS, 2018. It is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant, and has become naturalised and invasive on several Pacific Ocean islands. 17 (1), 149-163. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3/fulltext.html DOI:10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3, Sekar K C, 2012. Online Portal of India Biodiversity. Balsaminaceae is a family comprising only two genera and 1001 species of fleshy herbs with more or less translucent stems, swollen nodes and usually spiral, toothed leaves. In: Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). (Flora Mesoamericana.). It has been widely introduced outside of its native range as an ornamental to Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania and some parts of tropical Africa. Be careful, Himalayan balsam is known to be invasive and must be contained as it threatens other plants that grow around it. In: Life Science Journal, 5 (2) 84-89. PFAF, 2018. Annual Flower Also known as Touch-Me-Not, Garden Balsam, Rose Balsam Impatiens balsamina Balsaminaceae Family Very shade-tolerant, balsam brings the tropics to the annual garden with brightly colored flowers borne closely along the upright, bright green stem of the plant. > 0°C, dry winters), Widely commercialized as an ornamental and potted plant, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Vogel S, Cocucci A, 1988. Impatiens, large genus of herbaceous plants belonging to the family Balsaminaceae. San José, Costa Rica: Asociación para la Conservación y el Estudio de la Biodiversidad.http://invasoras.acebio.org. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan. In Canada, it has been reported in eight provinces including British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland. 782 pp. Florida, USA: Environmental Horticulture Department, University of Florida. (Red Interamericana de Información de Especies Invasoras, Costa Rica)., San José, Costa Rica: Asociación para la Conservación y el Estudio de la Biodiversidad. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Perennial impatiens are only hardy during winter in United States Department of Agriculture zones 10 through 11, and they can be invasive … Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares, vol. Balsamina odorata Buch.-Ham. In: Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Leaves alternate, the lowermost occasionally pseudo-opposite, sessile or shortly petiolate; petioles 2-13 mm; blades 2.7-9 x 1.1-2.6 cm, lanceolate to narrowly-elliptic or oblanceolate, glabrous or finely pubescent above and below, the base cuneate-acuminate, the margins serrate-dentate, with several dark sessile glands towards the base of the blade, the apex acute. Idárraga-Piedrahita A, Ortiz RDC, Callejas Posada R, Merello M, 2011. Pollen threads in Impatiens: their nature and function. Online Portal of India Biodiversity. reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. 55, 584 pp. Clement E J, Foster M C, 1994. Gilman EF, Howe T, 1999. Delnatte C, Meyer J Y, 2012. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. DAISIE, 2018. Uprooting or cutting the plants is an effective means of control. Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants : Threatened & Endangered: Wetland Indicator Status ... or see all the Impatiens thumbnails at the Plants Gallery Steve Hurst. 603 pp. Clement, E. J., Foster, M. C., 1994. These species can be distinguished by the following vegetative and floral traits (Flora Mesoamericana, 2018): Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. There are no pictures available for this datasheet, Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015, Flora of China Editorial Committee (2018), Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez (2015), Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2018, van Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2018. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos., Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation. Since its introduction to parts of North America, Europe and New Zealand, himalayan balsam has been successful in escaping cultivation and invading natural areas. St. Louis, MO, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://www.tropicos.org/Project/FN, Flora of Pakistan, 2018. Species in the genus Impatiens are susceptible to powdery mildew caused by Podosphaera fuliginea. Plant Pathology, 57(2), 371. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2007.01630.x doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3059.2007.01630.x, DAISIE, 2018. Caryologia, 56(4), 463-481. The native distribution range of I. balsamina is uncertain. Chong KY, Tan HTW, Corlett RT, 2009. Balsamina foemina Gaertn. 12(2): medicinal and poisonous plants 2, [ed. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98. Via human introduction it is now present across much of the Northern Hemisphere and is considered an invasive species in many areas. ex D.Don. The fungal disease downy mildew is caused by the pathogen Plasmopara obducens, and has been recorded in Europe, Asia, North America and Australia infecting a number of wild and cultivated Impatiens species, including I. walleriana and I. balsamina (Jones and O’Neill, 2004; Cunnington et al., 2006). Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Oviedo Prieto R, González-Oliva L, 2015. I. balsamina is widely cultivated as an ornamental for its attractive flowers. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. Online Database. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba. Impatiens balsamina is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a medium rate. Impatiens are widely distributed in Asia, Africa, and North America, and several are popular garden plants. Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe. From its probable native origin in India, I. balsamina has spread throughout South East Asia and China and has since spread worldwide through its cultivation (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018). The colorful flowers are carried in an unusual position near the top of the 16" stem but underneath the top bunch of leaves. For more information, visit. Invasive potential: not known to be invasive Pest resistance: very sensitive to one or more pests or diseases which can affect plant health or aesthetics. Impatiens downy mildew. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. Barbados: University of the West Indies. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center.http://plants.usda.gov/. North, Central, South Not a problem species (un-documented) ... University of Florida / IFAS / Center for Aquatic & Invasive Plants. Funk, V., Hollowell, T., Berry, P., Kelloff, C., Alexander, S. N., 2007. Non-Hosts: New Guinea impatiens, Impatiens hawkeri, and other plants are NOT affected. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flora of Pakistan, 2018. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. It has been widely introduced outside of its native range as an ornamental to Europe, Asia, the Americas, … Troublesome invasive weed. http://pfaf.org/user/Default.aspx, PIER, 2018. 9 (Special Issue No. It is also a common weed in wastelands near villages, dwellings and cemeteries (van Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, 2001; Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2018; Flora Mesoamericana, 2018; India Biodiversity Portal, 2018; PFAF, 2018; PIER, 2018). In: Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). http://www.griis.org/, Gupta AK, 2011. DOI:10.5586/asbp.1999.031, GRIIS, 2018. (2011), Original citation: Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador (2018), Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. The present paper describes the chemical composition of the essential oils obtained by hydrodistillation from four Impatiens species, Impatiens glandulifera Royle, I. parviflora DC., I. balsamina L. and I. noli-tangere L. The GC and GC-MS methods resulted in identification of 226 volatile compounds comprising from 61.7%–88.2% of the total amount. Balsamina lacca Medik. Stevens PF, 2012. Balsamina cornuta (L.) DC. Because I. balsamina is widely commercialized as an ornamental and potted plant in the horticultural trade, the risk of new introductions of this species is very high. Janssens, S. B., Knox, E. B., Huysmans, S., Smets, E. F., Merckx, V. S. F. T., 2009. I. balsamina grows best in full sun to shade on well-drained but moist soils. Impatiens balsamina Preferred Common Name; garden balsam Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness; Impatiens balsamina is an annual herb thought to be native to India and Myanmar. Bothalia. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution.1192 pp. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 52(3), 806-824. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/10557903 doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2009.04.013. In Nicaragua, and other tropical regions, this species flowers and fruits throughout the year (van Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, 2001; Flora of Nicaragua, 2018). Reddy CS, 2008. The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, National Association of Exotic Pest Plant Councils. 1192 pp. Flora of China. I. balsamina grows at elevations from close to sea level up to 3500 m. This species is commonly cultivated as an ornamental in gardens across tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Impatiens balsamina. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Impatiens glanulifera, Balsaminaceae imported pest displacing endemic species in many places. Rapid radiation of Impatiens (Balsaminaceae) during Pliocene and Pleistocene: result of a global climate change. Bolivia Catalogue. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Also considered invasive in some areas, Reported as both native and introduced in the country, Naturalized; Original citation: Broome (2018), Cultivated; Original citation: Bolivia Catalogue (2018), Original citation: Idarraga et al. Range. Alien plants of the British Isles. [ed. Hosts: All varieties of garden impatiens, Impatiens walleriana and balsam impatiens, Impatiens balsamina. Mansfeld's World Database of Agriculture and Horticultural Crops. New catalogue of the vascular flora of Venezuela. Catalogue of invasive alien flora of India. Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species. Catalogue of invasive alien flora of India. Share. Ecología en Bolivia, 38(2), 141-160. Germany: IPK Gatersleben. In: Flora Mesoamericana. Common Names. Solomon Islands Solomon Islands Solomon Islands introduced invasive Tropicos website. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. In: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Galera H, Ratyńska H, 1999. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae, 68(3), 227-236. doi: 10.5586/asbp.1999.031. European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers. Impatiens balsamina, commonly called rose balsam or garden balsam, is an erect, sparsely-branched, tender annual that typically grows to 6-30” tall (depending on variety).Although an old garden favorite since at least Victorian times, it has been eclipsed in popularity in recent years by its close relative, the flat-flowered garden impatiens (Impatiens walleriana). St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://www.tropicos.org/Project/fm, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018. Online database. Naturalization and invasion of alien plants in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. touch me not plant for sale near me. Impatiens balsamina. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). Chacón E, Saborío G, 2012. 3 (2), 177-184. http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?paperID=17533 DOI:10.4236/ajps.2012.32021, USDA-ARS, 2018. These flowers don’t perform well as cut blossoms and are best enjoyed in the garden. ex D.Don. Barbados: University of the West Indies.http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, CABI, 2018. Valkenburg, J. L. C. H. van, Bunyapraphatsara, N., 2001. This species does not tolerate frost (Gilman and Howe, 1999; PFAF, 2018). Wild jewelweeds are also susceptible. Chromosomal evolution in Balsaminaceae, with cytological observations on 45 species from Southeast Asia. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Balsamina angustifolia Blume. First record of Plasmopara obducens (downy mildew) on impatiens in Australia. It has been widely introduced outside of its native range as an ornamental to Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania and some parts of tropical Africa. Before the ubiquitous impatiens of today, there were balsam flowers. Balsam (Impatiens balsamina) can grow to about 30 inches tall and taller varieties of busy Lizzy reach 24 inches. Beltsville, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory.http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/tax_search.pl, USDA-NRCS, 2018. I. balsamina has escaped from cultivation and is now naturalized in disturbed sites, secondary forests, forest edges and riparian sites. by Tokarska-Guzik, B., Brock, J. H., Brundu, G., Child, L., Daehler, C. C., Pyšek, P.]. Hokche O, Berry PE, Huber O, 2008. No pruning is necessary. Anderberg et al. 38 (2), 141-160. Caterpillars outdoors. While the genus Impatiens is very diverse and includes about 1000 species, the genus Hydrocera is monotypic, containing the single species Hydrocera triflora, native to South India, Sri Lanka, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, and the Celebes (Gupta, 2011). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela: Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.859 pp. No known synonyms Conclusions by Zone. In cultivation, I. balsamina is impacted by insects. Greenhouse weeds in the botanical garden of Pas in Warsaw-Powsin. Flora Mesoamericana. Online database. Biological Invasions, 17(1), 149-163. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3/fulltext.html doi: 10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3, Sekar, K. C., 2012. The optimum temperature for germination is 25-28°C, and for the seedlings a night temperature of about 20°C is needed (Gilman and Howe, 1999; van Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, 2001). This species can form large stands in the understory of secondary forests displacing native species and preventing the natural regeneration of these areas (Flora Mesoamericana, 2018; GRIIS, 2018; PIER, 2018; PROTA, 2018). Greenhouse weeds in the botanical garden of Pas in Warsaw-Powsin. India Biodiversity Portal, 2018. 208 pp. Plant introduction, naturalization, and invasion in French Guiana (South America). The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Seeds many, black-brown, globose, 1.5-3 mm in diameter, tuberculate. Bothalia, 41(1), 41-82. http://www.sanbi.org, Flora Mesoamericana, 2018. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Impatiens are found all over the world but this particular species is native to India, Bangaladesh and Burma. Website developed by The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health and the National Park Servicein cooperation with the Invasive Plant Atlas of New England, Invasive Plant Control, Inc., USDA Forest Service,USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, National Association of Exotic Pest Plant Councils,Plant Conservation Alliance, and Biota of North America Program. Balsamina mollis G.Don Balsamina odorata Buch.-Ham. As the anther walls break down and retract, the cellulose threads produced hold the exposed pollen in a lattice, from which the pollinating insects can then collect it (Vogel and Cocucci, 1988). Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Balsamina racemosa Buch.-Ham. The chromosome number reported for I. balsamina is 2n = 14 (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018). Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. GRIIS, 2018. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov. Galera, H., Ratynska, H., 1999. Ochoa J G, Andrade G I, 2003. Biological Invasions, 14(5), 915-927. http://www.springerlink.com/content/mp782272x513px25/ doi: 10.1007/s10530-011-0129-1, Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F., Smith, G. F., 2011. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. Cunnington, J. H., Aldaoud, R., Loh, M., Washington, W. S., Irvine, G., 2008. Plant introduction, naturalization, and invasion in French Guiana (South America). Tall Impatiens. Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species., http://www.griis.org/. In: Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds . It is doing well in a difficult position heavily shaded by ornamental grasses. https://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/app/uploads/2017/04/flora_of_singapore_tc.pdf. There is no information available for the specific control of I. balsamina, however, herbicides such as 2,4-D, triclopyr and glyphosate have been recommended to control the closely related species I. glandulifera (CABI, 2018). Balsamina coccinea DC.. Balsamina cornuta DC.. Balsamina foeminea Gaertn.. Balsamina hortensis Desp.. Balsamina lacca Medik.. Balsamina minutiflora Span.. Balsamina mollis G.Don. 2), 1-88. http://repositorio.geotech.cu/jspui/bitstream/1234/1476/4/Lista%20nacional%20de%20plantas%20invasoras%20de%20Cuba-2015.pdf, PIER, 2018. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/fm, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018. Victorians loved these Asian imports during the early 20th century, but the flowers’ popularity waned as the interest in hybrid annuals grew after World War II. 2001, Debris and waste associated with human activities, http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-2.RLTS.T168915A6547780.en, http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list, http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/tax_search.pl, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Both native and introduced in the country. Red Interamericana de Información de Especies Invasoras, Costa Rica. > 10°C, Cold average temp. In: Plant invasions: human perception, ecological impacts and management, [ed. Flora of Nicaragua, Tropicos website. 2. Impatiens balsamina is an annual herb thought to be native to India and Myanmar. It spreads by seed and also vegetatively by stem fragments and can form dense stands in forest understory inhibiting germination and the establishment of seedlings, displacing native plant species. Endemic species in many areas ( Song et al., 2003 ; Gatersleben... ’ S gardeners are bringing this heirloom back to the latest version or installing a new browser, broadly,. Pubescent, the hairs white, Caracas, Venezuela, Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.859 pp ornamental! Journal, 5 ( 2 ), 97 pp a checklist of the West.... La Sapienza.208 pp, Corlett RT, 2009 organs ) and is now naturalized in sites! Are popular garden plants discover how easy and adaptable it is J, Foster M C, 2012 South )... Ipk Gatersleben, 2018 )., Caracas, Venezuela, Fundación Botánico. Andrade, G., Andrade G i, 2003 DAISIE, 2018 )., Caracas,,... Biodiversity Research, National University of Hawaii: Botanical Society of the West Indies Yi, Yuan YongMing,,! 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